Fibromyalgia Back Pain Relief


Overview of Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a chronic health condition characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tenderness in certain areas of the body. The pain associated with fibromyalgia can range from mild to severe and can be debilitating, interfering with everyday activities. Because there is no cure for fibromyalgia, treatments focus on relieving symptoms.

Understanding the cause, diagnosis, and treatment of fibromyalgia can help individuals and their families learn to manage their symptoms:

  • Cause
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment

Symptoms of fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a debilitating medical condition that causes chronic pain, fatigue, and tender points throughout the body. This disorder affects an estimated 10 million adults in the United States alone and is characterized by widespread muscle pain and heightened sensitivity to physical touch. Additional symptoms of fibromyalgia include anxiety, depression, disrupted sleep patterns, headaches, digestive issues, and numbness in the hands and feet.

Coping with fibromyalgia can be extremely difficult due to the pain caused by this disorder but there are several treatments available to help relieve symptoms. These therapies often involve lifestyle changes such as:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Eating a nutritious diet
  • Reducing stress levels
  • Getting sufficient sleep each night

Medications such as opioid analgesics or antidepressants may also be prescribed to help reduce pain associated with this disorder. Additionally, physical therapy may be used to reduce inflammation and strengthen muscles surrounding tender point areas. Finally, alternative treatments such as acupuncture or massage may provide additional relief from pain related to fibromyalgia.

Causes of fibromyalgia

The causes of fibromyalgia are still not fully understood. Experts believe it may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, including physical or emotional trauma and lifestyle habits. Researchers have identified various risk factors associated with the condition, such as:

  • Family history: Having a family member with fibromyalgia increases a person’s chances of also developing the condition.
  • Gender: Women are much more likely to be diagnosed than men – as many as 80-90 percent of all cases of fibromyalgia occur in women.
  • Age: Although fibromyalgia can be diagnosed at any age, it is most commonly diagnosed in people between the ages of 30 and 60 years old.

Fibromyalgia can also be associated with other conditions, such as cancer, lupus, depression, and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). It is important to seek medical advice if you think you may be experiencing symptoms associated with any of these conditions.

Treatment Options

Suffering from fibromyalgia and its related chronic back pain can be debilitating. Fortunately, there are several different treatment options available to help alleviate symptoms and provide relief. This section will explore the available options, as well as the pros and cons of each. With the right treatment plan, it is possible to find relief from fibromyalgia back pain.

Let’s explore the available options:

  • Option 1
  • Option 2
  • Option 3
  • Option 4


Medications are one of the main treatments used to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with fibromyalgia. Your doctor may prescribe medications to relieve pain, improve sleep, reduce anxiety and depression, or provide additional benefits.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, can help relieve pain and stiffness in mild cases of fibromyalgia. These drugs should not be taken long-term, as they may cause side effects such as stomach upset, nausea, and kidney damage.

Corticosteroids are strong anti-inflammatory drugs that can also help manage fibromyalgia symptoms. These medications have many side effects, including increased blood pressure and decreased bone density. Therefore, doctors usually only prescribe these medications for a short period of time.

Muscle relaxants are prescribed for muscle spasms that can occur with fibromyalgia. These medications can have sedating effects so it is not recommended to operate heavy machinery or drive while taking them.

Antidepressants such as tricyclics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) help regulate hormones in the brain to improve sleep quality, reduce fatigue and manage depression symptoms that often occur due to chronic pain associated with fibromyalgia. There are many potential side effects associated with antidepressants including weight changes, dry mouth, and blurred vision so it is important to discuss these risks with your doctor before starting any medication regimen.

Antiseizure drugs like pregabalin can help treat nerve pain caused by fibromyalgia by blocking chemicals released during nerve activity in the brain. These drugs may also be used to control mood swings, alleviate anxiety symptoms or improve sleep quality in people with fibromyalgia but they come with certain risks such as drowsiness or dizziness when changing position rapidly so will require monitoring from your doctor if taken for an extended period of time.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy is an important component of the medical treatment of fibromyalgia and your doctor may recommend physical therapy for those with back pain and other symptoms. Physical therapy uses a variety of approaches to help individuals manage their pain. These approaches may include range-of-motion exercises, stretching, posture training, heat or cold therapies, and massage.

Your physical therapist will work with you to create a plan that is tailored to your specific needs. He or she will also work with you on strengthening the muscles in your lower back and core, which can help reduce pain and promote better posture. Additionally, physical therapists often use modalities such as ultrasound or electric stimulation therapy to relax tense muscles in the back and reduce pain associated with fibromyalgia.

Alternative treatments

When trying to control fibromyalgia back pain, many people turn to alternative treatments, including yoga, meditation, massage, and acupuncture therapy. While there is limited scientific evidence to support the use of these treatments in managing fibromyalgia pain and fatigue, many people have reported overall benefits from alternative therapies.

Yoga involves physical postures and poses combined with relaxation and breathing techniques. It’s believed that yoga helps reduce symptoms of fibromyalgia as well as other chronic diseases by providing mental calmness from stress and/or depression while engaging your muscles in movement and exercise.

Meditation is used to help individuals achieve serenity or awareness of the present moment through relaxation techniques like deep breathing exercises or visualization. It is believed that meditation reduces stress levels which can help reduce pain associated with muscle tension or emotional distress.

Massage therapy works by relaxing muscles and calming the mind which can provide relief for sore or tensed muscles caused by physical activity or emotional trauma often associated with Fibromyalgia. Professional massage therapists are trained to meet each individual’s specific needs regarding their particular Fibromyalgia pain management plan.

Acupuncture therapy is based on Chinese ideas about energy flows within the body called “Qi” (pronounced “chee”). During acupuncture sessions, needles are placed at specific points on the body which are thought to help unblock this energy flow helping reduce pain associated with Fibromyalgia resulting in relaxation for patients receiving brief treatments a few times a week over a period of time.

Self-Care Strategies

Fibromyalgia can cause chronic back pain, which can be difficult to manage. However, there are several self-care strategies that one can pursue to find relief from pain and discomfort. These strategies can include lifestyle changes, such as getting adequate rest, eating healthy nutritious food, and exercising regularly.

Let’s explore some of the other available self-care strategies for relieving fibromyalgia back pain:

Stress management

Stress has a profound impact on all aspects of our lives, but it can be particularly detrimental for those dealing with chronic pain. Managing and controlling stress is a crucial component of effective self-care for individuals suffering from fibromyalgia back pain.

A few strategies to reduce stress and promote relaxation may include:

  • Yoga or Tai Chi: These gentle forms of exercise involve mostly stretching, posing, and controlled breathing that can help relax your body as well as focus your mind.
  • Meditation: Quieting your mind allows an individual to feel more in control of their reactions to their pain triggers and better cope with the stress they experience.
  • Progressive Relaxation Techniques: Focusing on tensing and relaxing each muscle group in the body one at a time can help soothe tension stored within the body.
  • Breathing exercises: Consciously controlling one’s breath has been used since ancient times as a means of calming both the body and mind.
  • Journaling/creative writing: Putting pen to paper (or fingerprints to screen) can help reduce stress as it allows individuals an outlet for any anxieties they may be feeling.

Incorporating any—or all—of these strategies into one’s day will enable them better control their responses to stressors associated with fibromyalgia back pain.


Exercise doesn’t have to mean intense physical activity. For individuals dealing with fibromyalgia and its accompanying back pain, simple stretching activities can be beneficial. Starting slowly and gradually building will help minimize inflammation, stiffness, and discomfort. Additionally, aerobic exercise has been shown to help support overall well-being by increasing endorphin production and reducing fatigue.

Gentle stretching with slow, controlled movements can help improve flexibility and reduce pain. Swimming is a great option due to the natural support of the water, allowing for freedom of movement without negative joint impact. Additionally, strengthening exercises are recommended as they can help build muscle strength, reduce inflammation and improve balance. Keeping up with a tailored exercise routine may be challenging at first, but is recommended in order to ensure optimal function of all muscles that can contribute to back pain relief over time.


When it comes to relieving back pain associated with Fibromyalgia, a special diet can play an important role. Eating a balanced diet containing the right mix of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats in the correct proportions can help reduce inflammation and provide the energy that’s needed to manage the pain.

It’s important to consult with your doctor or a nutritionist in order to put together an individualized meal plan that works for you. Your meal plan should focus on eating fresh vegetables, fruits, and whole grains—avoiding processed meats, sugary snacks, and too much caffeine or alcohol. Here are some general dietary guidelines for good health and managing back pain related to Fibromyalgia:

  • Increase your intake of plant-based foods (vegetables, fruits, and legumes) as they contain anti-inflammatory compounds that may help reduce symptoms of fibromyalgia.
  • Reduce consumption of omega-6 fatty acids by limiting consumption of processed or packaged foods high in omega-6 fatty acids such as vegetable oil, sunflower oil, and nuts.
  • Focus on healthy proteins such as wild fish from cold water sources like salmon or whitefish. Avoid processed meats such as hot dogs or deli meats. Additionally, ensure that your protein sources are organic if possible (free from hormones).
  • Incorporate complex carbohydrates into your meals such as brown rice, quinoa, or oats as these do not cause spikes in blood sugar levels which can worsen fatigue associated with fibromyalgia flares.
  • Increase intake of essential fatty acids through foods like chia seeds, flaxseeds, and walnuts; these will assist with anti-inflammatory processes within the body while lower cholesterol levels at the same time. Supplementation of cod liver oil may also be beneficial for those dealing with chronic pain associated with fibromyalgia flares.

Coping with the Pain

Fibromyalgia can be an extremely debilitating and painful condition. When it comes to managing pain, can be a difficult process. Here we will discuss some strategies for coping with the pain, from lifestyle changes to treatments for the symptoms. These techniques can help provide relief and make it easier to get through each day.

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Treatments for the symptoms

Heat and cold therapy

Heat and cold therapy can be used to help bring relief from fibromyalgia back pain. Cold therapy is often the starting point since it can help reduce inflammation in addition to providing pain relief. Cold applications like ice packs or cold compresses can be placed on sore regions of the back for short periods of time (no more than 15 minutes at a time) every 2-3 hours. Heating pads, hot baths, or warm compresses may provide similar relief when used for 15 minutes at a time several times per day.

To prevent further injury, it is important to take caution when using heating and cooling treatments; do not apply anything that is too hot or too cold, and take breaks between applications if needed. Massages also may be beneficial as they relax muscles and promote blood flow. Talk to your doctor before trying any self-treatment as they may have specific recommendations depending on the individual person’s condition.


For those experiencing fibromyalgia back pain, massage can be an integral part of treatment and relief. Massage has been used for centuries to alleviate pain and soothe sore muscles. Massage techniques vary and effective treatments range from long, slow strokes to short and firm. Pressure applied can be soothing or stimulating with the goal of promoting relaxation.

Manual massage techniques are typically used in fibromyalgia back pain relief, but electrical stimulation has also been found to reduce muscle spasms and produce more natural movements. Massage can help ease stress levels which in turn may reduce fibromyalgia symptom flares such as cramping, nerve pain, muscle stiffness, and tenderness.

A combination of physical therapy together with manual massage methods may bring optimal results when treating chronic fibromyalgia back pain as features of the therapeutic intervention are adjusted based on the level of a patient’s discomfort.


Acupuncture is an ancient form of Chinese medicine that has been used for centuries for pain relief. It is based on using very thin needles to manipulate the body’s meridian points, which are believed to be related to various bodily functions. This method is not backed by a great deal of scientific evidence, but many users report feeling significant pain relief after their treatments.

Acupuncture works by interrupting the pathways that send pain signals from your muscles and nerves to your brain. It can also release endorphins (natural chemicals stored in the brain that help regulate our emotional responses). When suffering from fibromyalgia back pain, acupuncture might provide some measure of relief by decreasing muscle tension, improving blood flow, and increasing circulation throughout your body.

It’s important to remember that acupuncture does not heal the condition itself; rather it seeks to make you more comfortable during flare-ups. Before seeking out this type of treatment, remember to:

  • Talk with your doctor about its risks and benefits so you can decide if it’s right for you.
  • Work with a reputable acupuncturist or practitioner who has experience treating fibromyalgia-related back pain in order to maximize your results.

When to See a Doctor

Fibromyalgia back pain can be very difficult to manage at home. In some instances, it is best to seek professional medical attention from a doctor. For example, if your pain is severe enough that it is disrupting your daily life and activities, or if you have any other significant symptoms like numbness or tingling, then you should speak to a doctor or specialist as soon as possible.

This article will discuss the best time to visit a doctor for fibromyalgia back pain relief.

When to seek medical help

Severe pain or pain that does not go away for several days should be evaluated by a doctor, as this could be a sign of a more serious issue. Even if the pain is not extremely severe, it can become worse and might require medical attention. Don’t hesitate to seek help if:

  • You experience difficulty walking or standing up without extreme discomfort.
  • You wake up in the morning with joint and muscle stiffness that doesn’t improve after several hours.
  • Spasms occur that make it difficult to move.
  • The area is tender and sensitive to light touch.
  • Back pain continues after trying self-care methods.

After evaluating your condition, healthcare practitioners might recommend medication, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, relaxation techniques, or other therapies to treat your fibromyalgia symptoms. Most important are medications – such as anticonvulsants and muscle relaxants – which can effectively control chronic back pain due to fibromyalgia. In more severe cases like sciatica, corticosteroid injections may be used for short-term relief. In addition, hot or cold packs may be recommended depending on their effectiveness in reducing symptoms.

What to expect from your doctor

If you are experiencing chronic back pain associated with fibromyalgia, it’s important to see your doctor. Many people mistakenly believe that fibromyalgia is an invisible illness, but it can cause severe, debilitating pain and a lasting decline in quality of life. The right doctor can help you manage your condition and identify the best treatments to provide relief.

Before visiting your doctor, it may be helpful to create a list of questions and concerns about your symptoms or the medications you are taking for back pain relief. When discussing your treatment plan with your doctor, it’s also important to provide an accurate medical history. This will help the doctor make a diagnosis and prescribe an individualized plan of care that is tailored to meet your needs.

Your doctor will typically start by performing a physical exam. During this exam, doctors look for areas of tenderness or areas that cause pain when touched in order to determine whether any tissues or muscles may be stiff or tight from strain or injury. Depending on their findings during the physical exam, they may request further imaging tests such as an x-ray or MRI in order to rule out any anatomical issues that could be causing the pain associated with fibromyalgia.

In addition to performing a physical examination and requesting imaging tests, some doctors may also order blood tests in order to check for underlying causes such as infections or autoimmune diseases that could potentially be contributing factors in developing fibromyalgia back pain relief. It’s important to keep track of anything unusual symptoms you experience before and after each appointment so that you can report them accurately if they come up during discussions with your doctor at any point during the treatment and evaluation process.

Tips for finding a doctor

Deciding to see a doctor is a difficult step for many people. Before making an appointment, consider the following tips:

  1. Ask yourself why you want to talk to a doctor: Are you experiencing unusual pain? Do you feel stress or anxiety? Are your symptoms affecting your ability to work or enjoy daily activities? Knowing what’s wrong can help you decide whether you should see a physician and what type of specialist may be best suited to evaluate your symptoms.
  2. Look for provider credentials: Professional certifications such as board certification, reviews from past and current patients, or other awards/accolades can give you an idea about the quality of care provided by a given practitioner. Research on credible websites such as can help in this regard.
  3. Look for provider experience: Make sure the physician has treated cases similar to yours before and has experience with Fibromyalgia related pain management techniques. Your primary care doctor may be able to provide recommendations based on their network of specialists and their experiences with other patients who have sought help in controlling Fibromyalgia pain levels effectively.
  4. Understand insurance coverage: Be aware of any copayments, deductibles, or coinsurance that may apply at the time of service; these will vary depending on the plan selected through your health insurance company or employer-sponsored plan so make sure that you are familiar with this information prior to arranging appointments with medical providers if at all possible.
  5. Choosing an environment: You should feel comfortable in any clinic or medical office where treatment is given – from the nurses’ attentiveness and friendliness to the physician’s professionalism and availability for follow-ups after treatment sessions are administered – it’s important that all facets of care are up-to-par before deciding where to seek medical attention for Fibromyalgia back pain relief measures are right for you!

Frequently Asked Questions

Fibromyalgia pain in the back can feel like a deep, constant ache or a sharp, burning sensation. It may be worse when sitting or lying down, or when climbing stairs or engaging in physical activity. It may also feel worse in cold weather or after a stressful event.

Yes, severe back pain is a common symptom of fibromyalgia. Other common symptoms include fatigue, muscle pain, insomnia, headaches, and cognitive issues.

There is no single "best" thing to take for fibromyalgia, as the best treatment plan will depend on the individual's condition and needs. However, most treatment plans involve the use of a combination of medication, lifestyle changes, physical therapy, and complementary therapies such as massage, acupuncture, and yoga. Additionally, counseling or cognitive behavioral therapy may be recommended in order to help manage symptoms of anxiety and depression that are often associated with fibromyalgia.

pain, fibromyalgia, symptoms, people, body, condition, treatment, fatigue, health, management, patients, muscles, relief, time, muscle, doctor, person, back, women, sleep, therapy, stress, skin, disease, fibro, life, day, points, treatments, doctors, disorder, heat, advertisement, neck, diagnosis, activities, syndrome, medications, study, problems, fibromyalgia pain, fibromyalgia symptoms, chronic pain, widespread pain, back pain, many people, trigger points, pain relief, fibromyalgia patients, nervous system, natural remedy, muscle aches, chronic fatigue, essential oils, fibromyalgia flares, neuropathic pain, lifestyle changes, physical therapy, side effects, irritable bowel syndrome, sleep problems, daily activities, muscle pain, fibro body, healthcare provider, chronic condition, enough sleep, same time, upper body

Spine Institute NY